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Lognormal Distribution

Overview

The lognormal distribution is a probability distribution whose logarithm has a normal distribution. It is sometimes called the Galton distribution. The lognormal distribution is applicable when the quantity of interest must be positive, since log(x) exists only when x is positive.

Parameters

The lognormal distribution uses the following parameters.

ParameterDescriptionSupport
muLog mean
sigmaLog standard deviation

Probability Density Function

The probability density function (pdf) of the lognormal distribution is

Descriptive Statistics

The mean is

The variance is

You can compute these descriptive statistics using the lognstat function.

Relationship to Other Distributions

The lognormal distribution is closely related to the normal distribution. If x is distributed lognormally with parameters μ and σ, then log(x) is distributed normally with mean μ and standard deviation σ. The lognormal distribution is applicable when the quantity of interest must be positive, since log(x) exists only when x is positive.

Example

Suppose the income of a family of four in the United States follows a lognormal distribution with µ = log(20,000) and σ2 = 1.0. Plot the income density.

```x = (10:1000:125010)';
y = lognpdf(x,log(20000),1.0);
plot(x,y)
set(gca,'xtick',[0 30000 60000 90000 120000])
set(gca,'xticklabel',{'0','\$30,000','\$60,000',...
'\$90,000','\$120,000'})
```